N onequilibrium anoscale ew horizons

Plasmas Reactive: Modelling and Engineering (N-PRiME)


The N - Plasmas Reactive: Modelling and Engineering (N-PRiME) group explores the potential of Nonequilibrium low-temperature plasmas for tailoring energy and matter at Nanoscale level and for reaching New Horizons in Space exploration. We intertwine experimental, theoretical and model-based predictive capabilities, providing answers to fundamental scientific challenges and developing novel plasma technologies with societal benefits.


  • Development of microwave-driven plasma-based technologies for the synthesis and engineering of two-dimensional nanostructures, as key enablers of the nanotechnology revolution;
  • Exploring microwave plasmas as sources of uncharted VUV/EUV radiation;
  • Operation of the European Shock-Tube for High Enthalpy Research (ESTHER), the sole Portuguese Space facility for the planning of planetary exploration missions;
  • Modelling and simulation of non-equilibrium reactive plasmas, adopting state-of-the-art kinetic schemes, including the complex transport of multi-species and radiation, and implemented in new computational platforms;
  • Curation of elementary data and databases.
Prof. Luís Lemos Alves , Group Leader
Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear
Instituto Superior Técnico
1049-001 Lisboa

Plasma Engineering Laboratory
Plasma Modelling and Simulation
Hypersonic Plasmas Laboratory

27 Sep

Living on Mars: how to produce oxygen and fuel to get home

"Space exploration is on the verge of an exciting new era, with Mars on the agenda. Sending a manned mission to Mars is one of the next major steps in space exploration. Ambitious programmes on Mars exploration, Mars Sample Return missions and the prospect of future manned missions have been recently presented by the main space agencies.read more